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发布时间: 2021年01月14日

高一英语语法填空方法

  侧重分析句子结构,确定所填空的词性

  自由填空是考生根据语境需要而填写使文章通顺、逻辑连贯、符合文体色彩要求的词语 虽然没有给出特定词汇,但考生所填写的词汇必须符合上述要求。这种题型主要是要求考生填连词、冠词、介词和代词。

  (1)缺主语或宾语,一般填代词或名词:Eg. zdcms_zdcms__ took him a long time to make the Patrol believe him,but the Patrol officer finally decided to check his story.(答案:it)(2009 年广东模拟)

  (2)名词前面若没有限定词,很可能是填冠词或some,any,other(s),another 等限定词:Eg. They hear zdcms_zdcms_zdcms_zdcms_ people speak,and enjoy trying to make the some sounds.(答案:other)(2008年珠海模拟)

  (3)在句子不缺主语、宾语或表语的情况下,名词或代词前面一般是填介词:Eg. The schools,as well as the mountain itself,are named zdcms_zdcms_zdcms_zdcms_Martha Berry.(答案:after)(2009 年广东模拟)

  (4)两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词:Eg. John Robertson had this experience one day on a highway zdcms_zdcms_zdcms_ decided to tell his story to the Highway Patrol.(答案:and)(2009 年广东模拟)

  (5) the beautiful night stars to give them light zdcms_zdcms_zdcms_ his family had only expensive lanterns.(答案:while/because/as)(2009 广州普通高中毕业班综合测试一)

  (6)若结构较完整,空格后的谓语动词是原形,特别是与上下文时态不一致或主谓不一致时,很可能是填情态动词或表示强调或倒装的助动词(do,does,did等):Eg. The appointment clerk said that the doctor zdcms_zdcms_zdcms_ see her at 3:30.(答案:could)

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