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发布时间: 2020年11月17日

英语四级作文常见易错点解析

使用修饰语时,要注意它们同主语的呼应,不可使其无所依附,或错误依附,从而造成悬垂修饰。可以通过两种方式对含有悬垂修饰语的句子进行修改:

①修改主语,使主句主语等同于修饰语的逻辑主语;
②修改修饰语,把修饰语变成一个从句。
一、成分缺失
英语句子中有六个基本句式:
(1)S+V主谓结构
(2)S+V+O主谓宾结构
(3)S+V+P主谓表结构
(4)S+V+O1+O2主谓双宾语结构
(5)S+V+O+C主谓宾补结构
(6)There be结构
原句:At present,it is very common that marriage across the nations
修正:At present,it is very common to find marriage across the nations.
原句:If they from different countries,they will have different living habits.
修正:If they are from different countries,they will have different living habits.
原句:If continue,there is no room and no resources left for more people in the future.
修正:If this continues,there is no room and no resources left for more people in the future.
二、悬垂修饰错误
修饰语的作用是描述其他的词,从而起到修饰、限定、强调或解释的作用。因此,修饰语与它们所描述的词之间关系紧密,这种关系对于考生来说十分清楚;当修饰语和句子中其他词之间的关系不是特别清楚时,这种修饰语被称之为悬垂修饰。当用分词、不定式、介词短语、动名词或省略句作修饰语时,考生受汉语影响,其作文中常会出现悬垂现象。使用时,要注意它们同主语的呼应,不可使其无所依附,或错误依附,从而造成悬垂修饰。可以通过两种方式对含有悬垂修饰语的句子进行修改:
①修改主语,使主句主语等同于修饰语的逻辑主语;
②修改修饰语,把修饰语变成一个从句。
原句:To finish the work in time,the machine is kept running all the time.
修正:To finish the work in time,we kept the machine running all the time.
原句:Looking out of the window,the grassland stretch as far as the eye can reach.
修正:Looking out of the window,I can see the grassland stretch as far as the eye can reach.
原句:Having heard the terrible news,his heart beat fast.
修正:When he heard the terrible news,his heart beat fast.
原句:At the age of ten,my grandmother died.
修正:When I was at ten,my grandmother died.
原句:To get ready for the trip,all the things she needed were put into a suitcase.
修正:To get ready for the trip,she put all the things she needed into a suitcase.
三、一致性错误
英语句子的一致性包括主谓一致,人称、时态、语态和数等的一致,以及句子成分前后的语法和逻辑性的一致。
原句:“Six chairs”are not correct here.
修正:“Six chairs”is not correct here.(如果主语为引语,谓语动词要用单数。)
原句:Politics are more difficult than physics.
修正:Politics is more difficult than physics.
原句:Whether or not we'll go to Beijing have not been decided yet.
修正:Whether or not we'll go to Beijing has not been decided yet.
原句:Sometimes the wealthy also needs help.
修正:Sometimes the wealthy also need help.
原句:When I was in high school,you never knew what to expect.
修正:When I was in high school,I never knew what to expect.
原句:I was extremely sorry you are injured.
修正:I am extremely sorry you are injured.
原句:In high school we worked more as a group than as an individual.
修正:In high school we worked more as groups than as individuals.
原句:His job was a policeman.
修正:He was a policeman.
四、并列结构误用
原句:Before I selected the new course,my teacher warned me of the difficulty of the course and of its length.
修正:Before I selected the new course,my teacher warned me how difficult the course was and how long it lasted.
原句:We asked the store manager to show us a gift that was inexpensive,useful and looked nice.
修正:We asked the store manager to show us a gift that was inexpensive,useful and nice looking.

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